The TOPS experiments are designed to integrate into a teacher’s current high school curriculum and conform to the Science Content Standards for California Public Schools. The experiments employ modern technology including computer driven instruments and commercially available data analysis software.
Study of the relationship between current and voltage in resistors and capacitors combined in series and parallel. The results are used to verify Kirchoff’s rules. Uses iBooks with software and connectors, powered breadboard with generator, electronic components and jumper wires sets, multimeters, and capacitor and transistor probes.
Investigation of the relationship between plate separation and capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor. The effect dielectrics of is also observed. Uses variable DC power supplies, multimeters, variable capacitors, electrometers, and capacitor and transistor probes.
Study of the introductory principles of Dynamics. Properties of motion carts on tracks are measured using motion sensors linked to iBooks. Topics addressed include: Acceleration on an incline; the relationship between force, impulse, and momentum; and momentum, energy, and collisions. Uses iBooks with software and connectors, 2.2 M track systems, motion detectors, force sensors, and accelerometers.
Study of basic geometric optics, refraction, and polarization. Uses Pasco Optics Systems and Ray Optics kits.
Study of the relationship between wave frequency, velocity and wavelength. Refraction, dispersion, diffraction, and interference are also investigated. Uses ripple tank systems and variable frequency strobe lights.
Study pressure-volume work determination, gas laws, and absolute zero. Uses Apple MacBooks with instrument interfaces, heat engines, gas pressure sensors, aluminum air chambers, and rotary motion sensors. Please note that the activities for this lab are still being beta tested. This lab is available to TOPS physics and chemistry teachers that have been trained on this lab.