The TOPS chemistry experiments are designed to integrate into a teacher’s current high school curriculum, conform to the Science Content Standards for California Public Schools, and employ a biochemical focus to enhance and bridge the biology and chemistry curricula. The experiments employ modern technology including computer driven instruments of the type used in local industrial laboratories as well as commercially available data analysis software.
Study of the basic titration of a biologically important amino acid and determination of its molecular weight. Quantitative study of the color of indicator at different pH, using spectrophotometer.
Study of gas laws, and absolute zero using Apple MacBooks with heat engines, gas pressure sensors, aluminum air chambers, and rotary motion sensors.
Synthesis of isopentyl acetate (banana oil) and study of the product by gas chromatography. Comparison to natural product isolated by extraction from bananas.
Study of the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide as affected by pH, temperature, and catalysis.